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Mechanical engineering and metal working
There are about 250 large and medium industrial enterprises, most of which have modern equipment and experienced specialists. High production culture was laid during the execution of military orders, which are increased requirements for quality worldwide.
Udmurtia has a leading position in Russia for the production of certain types of consumer goods. Produced 90% of the Russian hunting and sporting guns, oil is extracted. In many enterprises of the republic implemented a quality management system based on international standards of series ISO 9001 and ISO 14001 as an effective tool for economic growth that meets the objectives of sustainable development of enterprises.
Mechanical engineering and metal – historically formed specialized industry of Udmurtia, retains the role of the leading industries of the republic in terms of production, employment, scientific - technical and production potential. The share of mechanical engineering in the total volume of the Udmurt Republic industry occupies 29%, and in the structure of the manufacturing sector - more than 51%.
Udmurtia Organization focused on import substitution products, identifying new directions of development in the liberated market niches. Order of the Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Republic of Udmurtia approved an Action Plan to promote import substitution and a list of 98 investment projects that contribute to import substitution, increased exports and technological development for the period until 2020.
In addition, special attention is paid to the use of spare capacity of military-industrial complex of Russia in Udmurtia. The enterprises as a whole maintained infrastructure defense industries, mobilization capacities, financial and legal independence.
Enterprises of machine-building industry continues to implement long-term projects for the development and production of a wide range of traditional subjects of Udmurtia - weapons, machine, tool, automotive, petroleum, railway, communications, aerospace, manufacturing of electrical equipment.
One of the main enterprises on production of vehicles and equipment is Izhevsk Automobile Plant, which assets belong to OJSC "United Automobile Group."
In 2014, Izhevsk Automobile Plant collected 74 thousand 607 vehicles, 29% more than last year. In 2014, commercial production of LADA Granta liftback, NISSAN Sentra. In 2015 it started production of a new model of car LADA Vesta.
Manufacture of basic metals and fabricated metal products - the next in importance in the structure of manufacturing sector activity. The share of metallurgical production and production of finished metal products in the structure of the industry of the Udmurt Republic is 6.2%, in the structure of the manufacturing sector of the republic - 11.1%.
Prospects of development of industry of the republic related to the issues of productivity and efficiency. The efforts of enterprises will focus on projects in the domestic market, by selling non-core assets and optimizing costs. OAO "Izhstal" completed a large-scale technical re-equipment program, including a radical reconstruction of steel production and the modernization of rolling mills. Reconstruction brought OAO "Izhstal" to a new level of technological development, improved production efficiency. This has improved the working conditions of metallurgists and significantly decreased the company impact on the environment - the amount of emissions reduced by almost 5 times over the past four years.
The company has mastered the production technology for more than 70 brands of stainless steel and precision alloys that meet international standards, including - corrosion-resistant steel with very low carbon content (less than 0.03%). This is characterized by a low content Metal gases, ductility and high purity of nonmetallic inclusions, lack of intergranular corrosion.
Forestry and woodworking
Timber industry complex in the structure of the industry of the Udmurt Republic is 2.3%, in the structure of the manufacturing sector of the republic - 4,2%. Despite the insignificant share, the industry is socially significant in terms of employment and socio-economic development of forest villages.
The largest enterprises of timber industry complex is a group of companies "Uvadrev - Holding", JSC "Glazovskaya furniture factory" ZAOr MDNP "Red Star", JSC "Mozhginsky lesokombinat", LLC "Orion". The priority for socio-economic development of the Republic of Udmurtia and socially important for the municipality is the investment project "Uvadrev - Holding" LLC "Organization of the modern production of chipboard" implemented on a public-private partnership.
In Udmurtia, accounting for 1.4% of Russia's total and 6.2% of the PFD level of gross agricultural output. Natural and climatic conditions allow to develop a diversified agriculture, to produce food and raw materials for the processing industry. The bulk of the arable land - sod-podzolic soils. On 1 January 2015 the total area of agricultural land of more than 1.84 million. Ha, including about 1, 4 million. Hectares of arable land.
The predominant forms of collective management, based on private land and property ownership. The Republic has about 350 large, medium and small agricultural enterprises. They are the main producers of grain (90%) and flax (99%).
A special place in the rural economy and occupy private sector, have combined with the production of large-scale flexibility and high speed of adaptation to changing market conditions. Today in the private farms of the population and peasant farms produced more than 40% of the gross agricultural product, 87% of potatoes and 93% of vegetable crops.
Republic fully meets its needs for the main types of food. It accounts for 7.9% of milk, meat 6.1%, 8.9% of the eggs produced in the Volga Federal District.
Energy is the most important component of the economy of the Udmurt Republic, provides the vital functions of all sectors of the economy and largely determines the formation of the main financial and economic indicators of the region.
Utilities - basic industry, the development of which is a prerequisite for the development of the economy and other spheres of society.
Udmurtia energy system is part of the Unified Energy System of Urals and provides electricity to consumers of the Udmurt Republic.
The main generating sources in the territory of Udmurtia energy system are:
- three thermal power plants of the branch of JSC "Volzhskaya TGC" branch "Udmurt" (Izhevsk CHP-1, CHP-2 Izhevsk, Sarapulskaya CHP),
- two subscriber power station industry (TPP JSC "Votkinsk plant" and HPP JSC "Chepetsk Mechanical Plant"),
- HPP LLC "Avtokotelnaya"
Electric grid complex of the Udmurt Republic includes 225 substations with a voltage of 35 kV and above, more than 15 thousand transformer substations with voltage 0.4 / 6 -10 kV power lines with voltage of 0.4 kV - 500 kV with a total length of about 44 thousand km.
Entering additional generating capacity will create a serious reserve for the further development of Izhevsk and throughout the country, to increase the supply of electricity generated by power plants in Udmurtia, with 32% of the needs of the region up to 50%.
In 2014, power grid developed Udmurt 3.8 billion. KWh., Which is 30% more than in 2013.
Production of electrical and thermal energy in the years 2005-2012 (the full circle of enterprises)
| || Units || 2006 || 2007 || 2008 || 2009 || 2010 || 2011 || 2012 |
|Produced electric energy ||млн. кВт. час || 2922 || 3211 || 3188 || 3040 || 2968 || 2815,5 || 2921 |
|the previous year ||% || 100,7 || 109,9 || 99,3 || 95,4 || 97,6 || 94,9 || 102,0 |
|Produced thermal energy ||тыс. Гкал. || 14887 || 14728 || 13933 || 13667 || 13446 || 13305 || 12487 |
|the previous year ||% || 104,5 || 98,9 || 94,6 || 98,1 || 98,4 || 99,1 || 93,0 |
The dependence of the republic on external sources of energy is high enough. 68% of electricity Udmurtia receives from neighboring regions and the Federal Wholesale Electricity and Power Market (FOREM). Thermal power plants provide 32% of the demand the Udmurt Republic in electricity and about 60% of the thermal energy. The rest of the thermal power generation accounts for boiler housing and communal services of municipalities and industrial boilers
The main use of fuel and energy resources in the Republic of Udmurtia - natural gas and coal. Local fuels - wood, peat and peat briquettes, in total consumption up 0.6%, and are used in the general population.
Oil in the Republic are supplied from refineries located in neighboring regions (Perm Territory, the Republic of Bashkortostan).
The network of filling stations in the Udmurt Republic is well developed and has 186 operating filling stations. -; "LUKOIL-Permnefteprodukt" (47% market share): The following companies are the main operators of the market of petroleum products "Bashneft-Retail" LLC (36%); "TD" Alfa-Trade "(11%).
For information on the 2014 oil marketing enterprises in the region through a retail network in the country is implemented:
motor gasoline - 291 thousand tons (1% more than the same period of 2013);
diesel fuel - 125 thousand tons (7% more than the same period of 2013).
The Udmurt Republic has successfully implemented the republican target program "Energy saving and energy efficiency in the Udmurt Republic for 2010-2014 and target setting up to 2020", and municipal programs in the field of energy conservation and energy efficiency. The main goal of the program - reduction of energy intensity of GRP of the Udmurt Republic in 2014 to 7.3% in 2020 to 40%.
One of the leading positions in the industrial complex of the republic takes oil.
The Udmurt Republic is in 13th place in terms of oil production among the Russian regions. The share of the Republic in the total volume of oil production in Russia in 2014 amounted to 2.04%, in the Volga Federal District - 9.2%.
Since 2005, the volume of hydrocarbon production is not reduced and exceeds 10 million in the country. Tons per year. peak production was reached in 2013 for the last 20 years - 10.86 million tons.. In 2015, the expected production of 400 millionth ton of oil from the bowels of Udmurtia.
On the territory of the republic's oil production are 2 major oil companies: JSC "Udmurtneft" and PAO "Belkamneft", providing 98.9% of the total oil production, and 10 small companies.
The largest oil producer - OJSC "Udmurtneft" is developing 25 oil fields and provides 59.9% of the total volume of oil production in the country. 6.4 mln. Tons produced in 2014.
The share of "Belkamneft" accounted 38.9% of oil produced in the country. In 2014 the company produced 4.2 mln. Tons of oil.
In Udmurtia oil industry over a number of years there was a natural drop in oil production. Since 2001, due to commissioning of new fields, and conduct effective geological and technical measures on the existing fields there is annual growth in oil production. In 2014, it carried out in 2636 geological and technical measures, which allowed to extract additional 806 thousand. Tons of oil.
Construction and Housing
Building and construction industry
Affordable and quality accommodation, a modern social infrastructure are the most important factor of stability in the society, human confidence in the future, the key to his physical and spiritual health.
The real factor in improving the living conditions of the population of the Udmurt Republic has been the increase in mortgage lending in 2014 - 16.7387 billion rubles, which is 1.3 times more than in 2013.. As a result of mortgage housing loans and loans to improve the living conditions of 15,870 people.
Since 2009, we entered into a tripartite agreement with the developer on cooperation in the field of housing for young families in the 7500 apartments. To purchase Apartments 7362 young families received housing loans with the payment of the interest rate to 5 per cent per annum. Permission for use of 90 residential buildings with a total area housing 504,700 square meters, the new settlers began 6627 young families. At the birth of the third child welfare payments on the repayment of principal on the loan we received 320 families totaling 82 million. Rubles.
Solving Problems "defrauded" shareholders.
July 8, 2014 the Law of the Republic of Udmurtia number 42 RP "On measures to protect the rights of citizens - participants of shared construction of apartment buildings in the territory of the Udmurt Republic affected by actions (inaction) of unscrupulous developers," would grant free land in good faith builder. A 8 competitions to identify new developers, which resulted in "deceived" the requirements of 48 shareholders will be satisfied. Work on finding land for such competitions continues.
Indicators of housing construction in the Udmurt Republic for the years 2005-2014
| || 2007 || 2008 || 2009 || 2010 || 2011 || 2012 || 2013 || 2014 |
|Commissioning of apartment houses (thousand square meters) ||483,0 ||486,4 ||464,8 ||481,9||504,9 ||516,1 ||532,6 ||632,98 |
|Mortgage loans to the population (million rubles.) ||6766,1 ||6201,4 ||2735,9 ||4859,5||7285,1 ||10204,6 ||12853,9 ||16738,7 |
For the Republican traditional annual winter and summer rural sport games commissioned ski center in n. Balezino overhauled and sports facilities in the town of Glazov (stadium). It builds a swimming pool on the street. Voroshilov in Ustinovsky area of Izhevsk. The construction of the shooting range in Izhevsk.
Work continues on the gasification of the republic. The average gasification level in the country as of 01.01.2015g. It was 66.3%, including in cities - 79%, and in rural areas - 44.5%.
Gasification Performance in the Udmurt Republic for the years 2005-2014
| || 2007 || 2008 || 2009 || 2010 || 2011 || 2012 || 2013 || 2014 |
|Commissioning of gas networks, km ||805,5 ||870,0 ||781,7 ||361,0||400,2 ||400,2 ||297,6 ||220,1 |
Housing and utilities
Udmurt Republic Housing Fund on January 1, 2014 was 31.6 million sq. M. m total area. On average, every citizen of the Republic falls to 20.9 square meters. m. total area.
The proportion of private housing in the total area of the housing stock of the Udmurt Republic amounted to 92.9% (29.4 million sq. M.)
The level of housing improvement of the republic is characterized as follows: 85.0% water supply is equipped with housing, sanitation - 74.9%, heating - 79.4%, hot water - 57.4%, gas - 75.6%, electrical hotplates - 7 4%.
As of January 1, 2015, the sphere of housing and communal services of the republic operates 461 organizations of various forms of ownership, including private companies - 401.
In the area of housing management in the territory of the Udmurt Republic operates 108 management companies and 776 homeowners and one building society.
On the territory of the municipalities in the Republic of Udmurtia are 16089 energy facilities and municipal infrastructure, are transferred to the ownership and (or) use on a long term lease and concession agreements 5,586 objects, including leased object 5023; 563 transferred to the concession object.